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Tewali nsonga eneetulemesa kumaliriza Masiro - Katikkiro
Feb 02, 2015
Bya DICKSON KULUMBA

KATIKKIRO Charles Peter Mayiga agambye nti okusoomoo

zebwa kwayolekedde kwe kutaasa Bassekabaka abagalamidde mu Masiro e Kasubi omusana mu kiseera kino ogubookya ate n’okuteeka ekifo kino ku mutindo gw’ensi yonna.

Yazzeemu okuwera ng’Amasiro gano bwe galina okuggwa mu mbeera yonna n’agamba nti, “Nziramu okuwera nti tewali nsonga egenda kutulemesa kumaliriza mulimu guno. Enkuba ketonye, kibuyaga kaakunte, omusana ka gwake, tulina okumaliriza amasiro.”

Bino Katikkiro yabyogedde bwe yabadde alambuza Obuganda omulimu ogukolebwa ku Masiro e Kasubi eggulo ku Ssande n’asiima bonna abali ku mulimu era n’agamba nti omulimu guno gulina okutambuzibwa okusinziira mu mitendera.

Ssentebe w’olukiiko oluvunaanyizibwa ku kuzzaawo Amasiro, Al- Haji Kaddu Kiberu yategeezezza ng’okutusibwa kwa langi ebadde emaze ebbanga eddene ng’erindirirwa bwe kiguddewo essula empya mu kuzzaawo Amasiro gano.


Kaddu yagambye nti “ Essa kwe tutuuse, omulimu guno gusigadde mu mikono gy’abantu babiri ate bonna nga bataka; Kasujja ne Muteesasira era mubadde mugamba nti tubadde tutambudde mpola naye nange ngenda kubakanda ebyetaagisa ebirala okuli essubi, emmuli, amavuvume n’ebirala.

Omutaka Muteesasira Tendo Keeya yagambye nti ttiimu ye ey’Abagirinya yamaze dda okugitendeka era yeetegese okutandika omulimu gw’okulasa akasolya k’enju Muzibu Azala Mpanga ate n’oluvannyuma akwase Wabulakayole ( Omusige okuva ewa Kasujja), omulimu gw’okusereka.

“ Omulimu oguddako muzito era muzibu. Mu mbeera eno gugenda kutambula mpola kubanga eby’obuwangwa tebikubibwamu mavuunya n’olwekyo tulina okugendera mu mitendera,” Omumyuka owookubiri owa Katikkiro era Minisita w’obulambuzi, obuwangwa n’ennono Haji Muhamood Sekimpi bwe yagambye.

Langi ebadde erindiriddwa okuva e Girimani yatuusibwa wiiki ewedde nga kwajjirako omukugu era nga gulondoolwa aba kkampuni ya langi Peacock ng’olunaku lw’eggulo ( Ssande) baalaze abantu abaabadde e Kasubi engeri langi eno eyatereddwaako gy’egenda okutaasaamu Amasiro.

Allan Kibirige ku lwa Peacock yannyonnyodde nti, “ Langi eno eyamba okutaasa omuliro ne gutasanyawo Masiro okumala essaawa bbiri ng’abazinyamwoto bwe bajja. Mu ngeri

y’emu egenda kuyamba okuwangaaza enju eno.


Omuwanika w’olukiiko lw’Amasiro, Gaster Lule Ntakke yalangiridde ensimbi 5,019,700/- nga ku zino Pius Mugalaasi n’omutuba gwa Katulami e Kisunku mu ssiga lya Jjumba mu kika ky’enkima gwakulembera yaleeseeko obukadde buna. Ntakke yagambye nti ensimbi zino zigenda kusigala Kasubi okukola ku nsonga ez’enjawulo okuli amasannyalaze n’amazzi agatawaanya abagasulamu.

Abavubuka mwenyigire mu bulimi - Kabaka awadde amagezi.


Dec 08, 2014


Kabaka ng’awuubira ku bantu be ku mbuga y’eggombolola y’e Buwama mu ssaza ly’e Mawokota e Mpigi ku Lwomukaaga ku mikolo gy’Abavubuka mu Buganda.


Bya DICKSON KULUMBA NE PADDY BUKENYA


KABAKA Ronald Muwenda Mutebi II alagidde abavubuka okwongera okwegatta 

beenyigire mu bulimi nga balima ebirime eby’ettunzi okusobola okwekulaakulanya.

Omutanda ng’ali ku mikolo gy’abavubuka mu Buganda ku mbuga y’eggombolola y’e Buwama mu ssaza lya Mawokota mu disitulikiti y’e Mpigi ku Lwomukaaga, yawadde abavubuka amagezi okukozesa ebifo ku masaza ne ku magombolola okukolerako emirimu egy’enjawulo egy’enkulaakulana

n’asiima abatandiseewo emirimu ne bayambako n’abalala okwebeezaawo.

 

Ente Omubaka Kenneth Kiyingi Bbosa (Mawokota South) gye yatonedde 

Ssaabasajja ku Lwomukaaga. 


Kabaka alagidde abavubuka okwekebeza Kabaka yakubirizza abavubuka okwekuuma:


“Omwaka guno tujjukiziddwa ensonga y’ebyobulamu. Abavubuka tusaanye okwekuuma nga tuli balamu, okwekebeza buli mwaka kubanga si kirungi okugenda mu ddwaaliro nga tumaze okugonda ate omuvubuka alina okulya obulungi.”


Katikkiro Charles Peter Mayiga yakunze abavubuka okukozesa emikisa Kabaka gy’abatee

reddewo; mu by’obulimi beekwate BUCADEF n’okuyingira Ssuubiryo Zambogo SACCO.


Omulamwa gwabadde; Omuvubuka omulamu ate nga mukozi ye nnamuziga w’enku

laakulana mu Buganda, era wano Minisita w’abavubuka e Mmengo, Henry Ssekabembe, we yategeerezza nga bammemba ba Ssuubiryo Zambogo SACCO bwe batuuse ku 1,500 nga kati balinawo n’obukadde 285.

 

Abamu ku Baamasaza ku mukolo gw’Abavubuka mu Buganda e Mawokota ku Lwomukaaga.


Omukolo gwetabyeko; ssentebe w’abavubuka mu Buganda, Richard Kabanda, Kayima David Ssekyeru, Katikkiro eyawummula Dan Mulika, sipiika wa Buganda Nelson Kawalya n’omumyuka we Ahmed Lwasa, Minisita Amelia Kyambadde, Omubaka Kenneth Kiyingi Bbosa (Mawokota South) ssaako baminisita b’e Mmengo, abakulu b’ebika n’Abaamasaza.


Abayimbi; Mathias Walukagga ne Fred Ssebbale be baasanyusiza abantu ba Kabaka.


INSIGHT

The first bank in The Ganda Kingdom

By Henry Lubega

Posted  Sunday, March 1  2015 

  

Before 1906, there was no banking institution in Uganda until November of the same year when the national Bank of India opened its first branch in Entebbe, and four years later it opened the first bank in Kampala, although it was later taken up to become Grindlys Bank.

The National Bank of India was followed by Standard Bank of South Africa Limited when on September 19, 1912, it opened its first branch in Kampala. And a few years later it opened another branch in Jinja.

Barclays

Barclays followed in 1927 when it opened two branches in Kampala and Jinja. In 1954 three more banks; Bank of Baroda, Bank of India and The Nedelandsche Handel-Maatschappij M.V (Netherlands Trading Society) opened in Uganda.

According to Saben’s commercial directory and handbook of Uganda, as early as 1949 the banking system had been established in Uganda but did not control much of the financial liquidity that was in circulation across the board in the country.

“Much of the money was controlled in the bazaars and other channels which were predominantly controlled by people of the Asian origin. These people played a key role in the buying of cotton.

However, areas where banks were non-existent, merchants in those areas played the part of the banks. This was through taking drafts in exchange for cash or physical items in exchange for hard cash,” Saben wrote.

By 1950, it was realised that to bring more Africans into the business there was need to provide them with credit. Unfortunately, the commercial banks at the time would not extend credit to Africans because of the nature of their securities.

Under Ordinance number 20 of 1950 the Uganda Credit and Saving Bank was created purposely to extend credit facilities to Africans with the aim of furthering agriculture, commercial building and co-operative society purposes.


On October 2, 1950, the bank was opened and by 1961 it had spread to places like Arua, Fort Portal, Jinja, Soroti, Gulu, Masaka and Mbale, taking only African deposits.

Building Society

Two years later, the first Building Society in Uganda was opened as a subsidiary of a Kenyan owned firm Savings and Loans Society Limited. 

More financial institutions continued to open up in Uganda with Lombard Bank from Kenya, in partnership with Uganda Development Corporation, opening the Lombank Uganda Limited in 1958. It was this bank which first introduced the hire purchase system of shopping in Uganda.


It was not until 1966 that through an act of Parliament that Bank of Uganda was created. Prior to this, issues to do with money were handled by the East African currency board which had its head offices in Kenya.

In daddy’s scientific footsteps: With her 5th degree, Butambala girl lives the American dream:

Written by Joseph W. Kamugisha & Ronnie Mayanja

 Created: 29 May 2012

 

PhD Holder: Dr Sala Nanyanzi Senkayi(centre) and mother(right) and supervising Professor(left)




   Sala and her Daddy.

It is every parent’s dream to see their children grow up and graduate from university.

But often do you meet a five-degree holder, topped off with a Doctorate degree or PhD?

Well, recently the Ugandan community in Dallas Fort Worth not only embraced one, they also welcomed their community’s first and youngest female PhD holder in the names of Dr Sala Nanyanzi Senkayi. It has been a long time coming for the young lady, the daughter of Dr Abu Senkayi (PhD) and Sunajeh Senkayi, having began her humble journey at Texas A&M University, with a Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) degree.

She would later pick up two other B.Sc degrees and a Master of Science degree) from the University of Texas at Arlington (UTA). And then came her PhD in environmental science from the same University of Texas at Arlington, for which she wrote a dissertation on “Proximity to Airport and Cancer Incidences in Texas”.

Many people will be familiar with the adage that it takes a village to raise a child; that is what many friends and well wishers of the Senkayi family said during Sala’s graduation party. The proud parents could be seen beaming with excitement as speaker after speaker, spoke about their daughter’s achievement.

Emcee Frank Sentamu, added excitement to the evening when he suggested that the two doctors should change their names to Dr Senkayi Senior and Dr Senkayi Junior as a way of separating father and daughter.

The journey that first inspired the young Sala could be traced back to her childhood. According to her father, on the day he got his PhD, Sala ran to the stage, grabbed her Dad’s hat and put it on her own head, as if to suggest that one day she would wear her own. Several years passed but Dr Abu Senkayi did not imagine ever having the pleasure of participating in the hooding process of his only daughter.

The hooding process is normally reserved for the graduate’s major professor, but in one of those rare occasions when a parent of the student is a Doctorate degree holder, the pleasure and opportunity of carrying out this exercise is often passed on to the parent, which in this case was Dr Abu Senkayi an environmental scientist himself.

Sala owes her success to the inspiration and support of her parents, and brother Ali Senkayi, an electrical engineer. She is also quick to mention the collective effort of many other community friends and relatives who encouraged her along her academic journey.

Dr Abu Senkayi, an official Buganda Kingdom representative in North America, also mentioned that Sala had been involved in planning for Buganda cultural activities in Dallas. In 2001, young as she was, Sala played a prominent role during Kabaka Ronald Mutebi’s, visit to Dallas. The same was the case when the Nnabagereka of Buganda, Sylvia Nnaginda, visited in 2005.

The Senkayi family, originally from Kibibi in Butambala, left Uganda in the 1970s and settled in the United States. They visit Uganda regularly and were here only last December, to participate in the Ugandan Diaspora conference the Serena Hotel. Dr Sala is also an active community organizer who spends time going to schools and colleges to talk about Environmental protection.

Besides her commitment to the community, Sala maintains a full time job in the same office block and department with her father, at the Federal Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Her EPA mentor proudly noted, during the evening graduation dinner, that Sala is “a very dedicated girl, who takes her job very seriously and devotes a lot of time into everything she does.”

Before Sala joined her father as an EPA employee, the father remembers bringing her to the office on special days when employees are allowed to bring their children to the office. One could say that all this gave the little girl some early inspiration to follow in her dad’s footsteps.

But when asked why she chose environmental science Sala said: “I’m not trying to follow my dad’s footsteps per se, because I like Biology and my dad is a soil scientist. But I also like my dad because he is a cool guy!”

Sala says she enjoys her work environmental protection, and her fellowship in the Ugandan community. “Getting a degree is just part of the story” she says. “Making friends, helping each other, as Ugandan community members to advance each other, is what will help us succeed here in the Diaspora.”

With her five degrees, the single Dr Sala intends to keep her job at EPA, although she could go into academia; and she still cherishes working with children on environment-related programmes.

“I can now say that I’m free at last,” she says. “I have all the time I need to live and enjoy my life.”


Pulezidenti Museveni atunze ente 400 mu lufula y’e Luweero

By Musasi wa Bukedde

Added 15th August 2016


 Pulezidebti ( mu byeru) ng’aggulawo lufula.

PULEZIDENTI Museveni mulunzi era mu kiseera kino agamba nti alina ennume 400 ze yamaze okufunira akatale mu lufula y’Abamisiri ey’omulembe gye yagguddewo e Luweero. Lufula eno yagguddwaawo ku Lwokuna lwa wiiki ewedde.

Pulezidenti yagambye nti ennume zino bagenda kuziggya ku ffaamu ye, bazitwale bazirunde zisobole okutuuka ku mutindo oguvaamu ennyama etundibwa ebweru w’eggwanga. Lufula eno ey’omulembe eyitibwa “Egypt Uganda Food Security Ltd “ ng’esangibwa ku kyalo Nyimbwa mu Luweero, yeesudde kiromita 30 okuva mu Kampala.

Erimu ebyuma ebiri ku mulembe ebikozesebwa okulongoosa ennyama y’ente nga bitandikira mu kusalako omutwe, okubaagako eddiba n’okusala amagumba mu bwangu. Mulimu ebyuma ebiyonja ennyama n’ebyenda n’ebitundu ebirala mu ngeri ey’omulembe . Oluvannyuma ennyama eno egenda kutundibwa ku katale k’ensi yonna .

Lufula eno egenda kusala ente 400 buli lunaku ng’ennyama etwalibwa bweru w’eggwanga. Pulezidenti Museveni we yasinzidde okukunga abalunzi abalina ennume bazirunde mu ngeri esingayo okuba ennungi basobole okuziguza Abamisiri bafunemu ssente eziwera.

Bannannyini lufula eno baatandiseewo ekifo eky’enjawulo mwe bagenda okutendekera abalunzi ku mutindo gw’obulunzi bw’ente ogw’enjawulo ezituukana n’akatale kano.

Lufula eno yaakugaziyizibwa epakirenga ennyama mu mikebe gattako okulongoosa amaliba gakolebwemu ebintu ebiralaDayirekita w’ekifo kino, Sherif El Kallini yagambye nti bagula ekika ky’ente zonna omuli maleeto n’ez’olulyo lwa wano. “Wabula tusinga kwagala ente eriko ebiwandiiko ebiraga ebyafaayo byayo nga birungi era nga tesukka myaka esatu wabula ng’erina obuzito bwa kkiro 300 n’okusingawo.

Zino zivaamu ennyama egonda eyeetaagibwa ku katale k’ensi yonna . Buli kkiro tugigula wakati wa 3,500 /- ne 4,000/.,” bwe yagambye. Omukugu okuva mu yunivasite e Makerere, Denis Asizua yagambye nti ente erundibwa mu ngeri ey’omulembe nga ya nnyama, omulunzi alina okugirabirira obulungi.

Untold history: The WORLD WAR I battles that levelled East Africa:

THE EUROPEAN WAR RAGED IN TANZANIA, RWANDA, BURUNDI, BUGANDA, SUDAN AND SPREAD TO MOZAMBIQUE AND ZAMBIA AND BROUGHT DEVASTATION TO THE AFRICAN CONTINENT:

 

6 November, 2018

 

By Laura Cole

 

In WWI, British Empire soldiers fought a four-year guerrilla campaign against a small German force in East Africa.

 
 
 
While there are some WWI cemeteries for European soldiers, there are no burial grounds for Africans [Kathleen Bomani/Al Jazeera]
While there are some WWI cemeteries for European soldiers, there are no burial grounds for Africans [Kathleen Bomani/Al Jazeera]

Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania - One hundred years ago, on November 11, 1918, the armistice brought an end to the first world war in Europe. 

For the countries of East Africa, however, the war would go on for another two full weeks.

From 1914, British Empire soldiers fought a four-year guerrilla campaign against a small German force in East Africa.

On November 25, 1918, Allied and German forces received and accepted the terms, bringing an end to four years of conflict that had cost the lives of hundreds of thousands of African soldiers and civilians over 750,000 square miles - an area three times the size of the German Reich. 

Artist Kathleen Bomani grew up in Tanzania and had been the classroom expert on the first world war. 

"I knew it in and out," she says, "or so I thought".

Now, she has just finished her lecture 'What Happened Here' in Berlin as part of the World War I centenary.

Remembrance of WWI remains largely European, even within Tanzania.

KATHLEEN BOMANI, ARTIST

It was in her twenties that Bomani realised that not only had the war raged in Tanzania, Rwanda and Burundi (then German East Africa) and spread to Mozambique and Zambia, but that it had lasted the entire duration of the war in Europe, and brought comparable devastation.

She had questions. Why was the war considered a sideshow to the trench warfare in Europe? And what traces were left of the fighting? So she travelled through Tanzania, following the routes of African soldiers and carriers, to explore their histories.

Al Jazeera: What happened in East Africa during the First World War? Was it different from the fighting in Europe? 

Kathleen Bomani: To understand the scale of the conflicted area, you have to imagine German East Africa as a colony made up much of today's Burundi, Rwanda and the majority of Tanzania. 

The size and nature of the land meant that the fighting took on a completely different style. 

There was less trench warfare. Instead, the Germans and the Allies chased each other up and down the region, often at a pace of 30km a day. 

They levelled villages for supplies and enlisted civilians as soldiers to fight and carriers to shift their supplies. Most soldiers and porters died from malnutrition, fatigue, malaria, tsetse fly and black fever, rather than bullets.

Significantly, the war occurred just seven years after one of the largest acts of resistance against colonial rule, the Maji Maji War. 

As a result, the German forces utilised guerrilla tactics that had been successful to them.

Al Jazeera: What was the cost?

Bomani: For German commander Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck, the East Africa campaign was as a distraction, with the aim of drawing Allied troops away from the fronts in Europe. 

Britain leaned on forces from across its colonies: troops from Ghana, Nigeria, the West Indies, Jamaica, Uganda, Kenya, South Africa. 

Together with Allied forces of Belgium and Portugal, their numbers made up 150,000 soldiers. German forces numbered around 25,000.

 

 

An old German Hospital built in 1895 is now completely empty in Tang, Tanzania

 

More staggering was the number of carriers needed over the four years, at a total of more than one million. 

And wherever soldiers went, they recruited more. The official loss of life was around 105,000 although these numbers are almost certainly downplayed.

Fundamentally, the deaths of carriers were seen as dispensable and not accurately recorded. We may never know how many Africans died during WWI. 

Al Jazeera: You have travelled around Tanzania exploring the traces of the war left on the region. What do they look like?

Bomani: There are no official cemeteries for African soldiers and carriers and there are few traces of the battlefields. 

What have endured are large German colonial buildings that became quickly abandoned after 1918: a hospital in Tanga, disused train stations in Moshi, a fort in Lindi and impressive houses for German governors.

 

 

 

A former Missionary Church in the historical Swahile town of Mikindani, Tanzania

 

 

The first thing you notice about these buildings is that they are statuesque. They were built to last. 

The Germans had clearly intended to keep its colony for a long time, like the British after them. 

The second is that they are all empty. These are prime locations, often beachfront or strategic, very public spaces. Despite that, they have not been used. They carry a feeling of unreconciled trauma. 

Al Jazeera: You explain in your exhibition that the traces of the war are different in the south of Tanzania…

Bomani: In the south, it is hard to find any trace of the battles. Even at the place of one of the bloodiest battles, Mahiwa, where the death count reached the thousands in just three days, there is little trace of WWI. 

There is, however, a church, which would have been a Christian mission from the same era. Such churches kept records of daily life in the run-up to the war: they recorded villagers selling all their livestock so they would have enough money to flee, they recorded student numbers in school plummeting.

Carriers were fully aware that this conflict was fundamentally a colonial project.

 

Meanwhile, British missionaries wrote opportunistically about the lands and congregations of German missions that would become available to them after the war. Across the southern highlands, these records give a sense of the scale of the war, and that the people in its path universally acknowledged its force. 

Al Jazeera: How do you feel, finding these traces of WWI?

Bomani: On the one hand, it is good these traces exist, or you would have a hard time convincing yourself that the war happened here. 

On the other, these traces left as they are have not been discussed or unpacked, and so remembrance of WWI remains largely European, even within Tanzania. They are not monuments, but monoliths that signal the colonial past.

Al Jazeera: You say in your exhibition that researching WWI has become a personal undertaking. What do you mean by that?

Bomani: I am Sukuma, a people from northern Tanzania. Traditionally, Sukuma are farmers and they use music to pace themselves through agricultural work. 

Through the years of the centenary, I looked into some of the songs focused on those that came from WWI, when Sukuma were heavily recruited as carriers and soldiers by German forces.

While Europe marks 100 years of remembering, we Africans are now just opening that chapter. While the centenary is almost over, it is not too late.

 

One song that struck me has the lyrics: 

'Boulders fighting one another on the plain/ the Germans and the English/ they run about taken to flight/ because of cattle'.

The 'cattle' line means assets: resources, land, livestock, money. In other words, the carriers were fully aware that this conflict was fundamentally a colonial project.

I was struck too by the subversive power of the songs - they contradict the image of the loyal askari soldier, which was used as propaganda throughout wartime. They are a record of the larger African experience during WWI, and it is important to preserve them even as agricultural methods change. 

Al Jazeera: How is the WWI history usually remembered in Tanzania? Why do you feel this is important to the future of the country?

Bomani: There are usually memorial services, often in war cemeteries on November 11, instead of the 25. I have visited these cemeteries in Dar es Salaam, Tanga, Moshi, Iringa and there is no acknowledgement of the African soldiers and carriers. 

The lack of acknowledgement underscores how vital the Black Lives Matter movement is today. Because even in celebrating one of the most well-known events in history, there still has been a level of omission loss to African lives.

Al Jazeera: Has it been any different for the centenary? 

Bomani: This year the University of Dar es Salaam is hosting a conference on German colonial history and experts will be putting themselves to the task of discussing some of the uncomfortable truths of the war in Africa. 

There is new talk of including the East Africa campaign in the school curriculum. Ultimately, the nation is beginning to address it and move forward. While Europe marks 100 years of remembering, we Africans are now just opening that chapter. While the centenary is almost over, it is not too late.

 

 

 
A German fort in the southern highlands town of Tukuyu, known as Neu-Langenberg during German colonial era by Kathleen Bomani for Al Jazeera.
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