Abavubuka mwenyigire mu bulimi - Kabaka awadde amagezi.

Dec 08, 2014

Kabaka ng’awuubira ku bantu be ku mbuga y’eggombolola y’e Buwama mu ssaza ly’e Mawokota e Mpigi ku Lwomukaaga ku mikolo gy’Abavubuka mu Buganda.


KABAKA Ronald Muwenda Mutebi II alagidde abavubuka okwongera okwegatta 

beenyigire mu bulimi nga balima ebirime eby’ettunzi okusobola okwekulaakulanya.

Omutanda ng’ali ku mikolo gy’abavubuka mu Buganda ku mbuga y’eggombolola y’e Buwama mu ssaza lya Mawokota mu disitulikiti y’e Mpigi ku Lwomukaaga, yawadde abavubuka amagezi okukozesa ebifo ku masaza ne ku magombolola okukolerako emirimu egy’enjawulo egy’enkulaakulana

n’asiima abatandiseewo emirimu ne bayambako n’abalala okwebeezaawo.


Ente Omubaka Kenneth Kiyingi Bbosa (Mawokota South) gye yatonedde 

Ssaabasajja ku Lwomukaaga. 

Kabaka alagidde abavubuka okwekebeza Kabaka yakubirizza abavubuka okwekuuma:

“Omwaka guno tujjukiziddwa ensonga y’ebyobulamu. Abavubuka tusaanye okwekuuma nga tuli balamu, okwekebeza buli mwaka kubanga si kirungi okugenda mu ddwaaliro nga tumaze okugonda ate omuvubuka alina okulya obulungi.”

Katikkiro Charles Peter Mayiga yakunze abavubuka okukozesa emikisa Kabaka gy’abatee

reddewo; mu by’obulimi beekwate BUCADEF n’okuyingira Ssuubiryo Zambogo SACCO.

Omulamwa gwabadde; Omuvubuka omulamu ate nga mukozi ye nnamuziga w’enku

laakulana mu Buganda, era wano Minisita w’abavubuka e Mmengo, Henry Ssekabembe, we yategeerezza nga bammemba ba Ssuubiryo Zambogo SACCO bwe batuuse ku 1,500 nga kati balinawo n’obukadde 285.


Abamu ku Baamasaza ku mukolo gw’Abavubuka mu Buganda e Mawokota ku Lwomukaaga.

Omukolo gwetabyeko; ssentebe w’abavubuka mu Buganda, Richard Kabanda, Kayima David Ssekyeru, Katikkiro eyawummula Dan Mulika, sipiika wa Buganda Nelson Kawalya n’omumyuka we Ahmed Lwasa, Minisita Amelia Kyambadde, Omubaka Kenneth Kiyingi Bbosa (Mawokota South) ssaako baminisita b’e Mmengo, abakulu b’ebika n’Abaamasaza.

Abayimbi; Mathias Walukagga ne Fred Ssebbale be baasanyusiza abantu ba Kabaka.


The first bank in The Ganda Kingdom

By Henry Lubega

Posted  Sunday, March 1  2015 


Before 1906, there was no banking institution in Uganda until November of the same year when the national Bank of India opened its first branch in Entebbe, and four years later it opened the first bank in Kampala, although it was later taken up to become Grindlys Bank.

The National Bank of India was followed by Standard Bank of South Africa Limited when on September 19, 1912, it opened its first branch in Kampala. And a few years later it opened another branch in Jinja.


Barclays followed in 1927 when it opened two branches in Kampala and Jinja. In 1954 three more banks; Bank of Baroda, Bank of India and The Nedelandsche Handel-Maatschappij M.V (Netherlands Trading Society) opened in Uganda.

According to Saben’s commercial directory and handbook of Uganda, as early as 1949 the banking system had been established in Uganda but did not control much of the financial liquidity that was in circulation across the board in the country.

“Much of the money was controlled in the bazaars and other channels which were predominantly controlled by people of the Asian origin. These people played a key role in the buying of cotton.

However, areas where banks were non-existent, merchants in those areas played the part of the banks. This was through taking drafts in exchange for cash or physical items in exchange for hard cash,” Saben wrote.

By 1950, it was realised that to bring more Africans into the business there was need to provide them with credit. Unfortunately, the commercial banks at the time would not extend credit to Africans because of the nature of their securities.

Under Ordinance number 20 of 1950 the Uganda Credit and Saving Bank was created purposely to extend credit facilities to Africans with the aim of furthering agriculture, commercial building and co-operative society purposes.

On October 2, 1950, the bank was opened and by 1961 it had spread to places like Arua, Fort Portal, Jinja, Soroti, Gulu, Masaka and Mbale, taking only African deposits.

Building Society

Two years later, the first Building Society in Uganda was opened as a subsidiary of a Kenyan owned firm Savings and Loans Society Limited. 

More financial institutions continued to open up in Uganda with Lombard Bank from Kenya, in partnership with Uganda Development Corporation, opening the Lombank Uganda Limited in 1958. It was this bank which first introduced the hire purchase system of shopping in Uganda.

It was not until 1966 that through an act of Parliament that Bank of Uganda was created. Prior to this, issues to do with money were handled by the East African currency board which had its head offices in Kenya.

In daddy’s scientific footsteps: With her 5th degree, Butambala girl lives the American dream:

Written by Joseph W. Kamugisha & Ronnie Mayanja

 Created: 29 May 2012


PhD Holder: Dr Sala Nanyanzi Senkayi(centre) and mother(right) and supervising Professor(left)

   Sala and her Daddy.

It is every parent’s dream to see their children grow up and graduate from university.

But often do you meet a five-degree holder, topped off with a Doctorate degree or PhD?

Well, recently the Ugandan community in Dallas Fort Worth not only embraced one, they also welcomed their community’s first and youngest female PhD holder in the names of Dr Sala Nanyanzi Senkayi. It has been a long time coming for the young lady, the daughter of Dr Abu Senkayi (PhD) and Sunajeh Senkayi, having began her humble journey at Texas A&M University, with a Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) degree.

She would later pick up two other B.Sc degrees and a Master of Science degree) from the University of Texas at Arlington (UTA). And then came her PhD in environmental science from the same University of Texas at Arlington, for which she wrote a dissertation on “Proximity to Airport and Cancer Incidences in Texas”.

Many people will be familiar with the adage that it takes a village to raise a child; that is what many friends and well wishers of the Senkayi family said during Sala’s graduation party. The proud parents could be seen beaming with excitement as speaker after speaker, spoke about their daughter’s achievement.

Emcee Frank Sentamu, added excitement to the evening when he suggested that the two doctors should change their names to Dr Senkayi Senior and Dr Senkayi Junior as a way of separating father and daughter.

The journey that first inspired the young Sala could be traced back to her childhood. According to her father, on the day he got his PhD, Sala ran to the stage, grabbed her Dad’s hat and put it on her own head, as if to suggest that one day she would wear her own. Several years passed but Dr Abu Senkayi did not imagine ever having the pleasure of participating in the hooding process of his only daughter.

The hooding process is normally reserved for the graduate’s major professor, but in one of those rare occasions when a parent of the student is a Doctorate degree holder, the pleasure and opportunity of carrying out this exercise is often passed on to the parent, which in this case was Dr Abu Senkayi an environmental scientist himself.

Sala owes her success to the inspiration and support of her parents, and brother Ali Senkayi, an electrical engineer. She is also quick to mention the collective effort of many other community friends and relatives who encouraged her along her academic journey.

Dr Abu Senkayi, an official Buganda Kingdom representative in North America, also mentioned that Sala had been involved in planning for Buganda cultural activities in Dallas. In 2001, young as she was, Sala played a prominent role during Kabaka Ronald Mutebi’s, visit to Dallas. The same was the case when the Nnabagereka of Buganda, Sylvia Nnaginda, visited in 2005.

The Senkayi family, originally from Kibibi in Butambala, left Uganda in the 1970s and settled in the United States. They visit Uganda regularly and were here only last December, to participate in the Ugandan Diaspora conference the Serena Hotel. Dr Sala is also an active community organizer who spends time going to schools and colleges to talk about Environmental protection.

Besides her commitment to the community, Sala maintains a full time job in the same office block and department with her father, at the Federal Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Her EPA mentor proudly noted, during the evening graduation dinner, that Sala is “a very dedicated girl, who takes her job very seriously and devotes a lot of time into everything she does.”

Before Sala joined her father as an EPA employee, the father remembers bringing her to the office on special days when employees are allowed to bring their children to the office. One could say that all this gave the little girl some early inspiration to follow in her dad’s footsteps.

But when asked why she chose environmental science Sala said: “I’m not trying to follow my dad’s footsteps per se, because I like Biology and my dad is a soil scientist. But I also like my dad because he is a cool guy!”

Sala says she enjoys her work environmental protection, and her fellowship in the Ugandan community. “Getting a degree is just part of the story” she says. “Making friends, helping each other, as Ugandan community members to advance each other, is what will help us succeed here in the Diaspora.”

With her five degrees, the single Dr Sala intends to keep her job at EPA, although she could go into academia; and she still cherishes working with children on environment-related programmes.

“I can now say that I’m free at last,” she says. “I have all the time I need to live and enjoy my life.”

Pulezidenti Museveni atunze ente 400 mu lufula y’e Luweero

By Musasi wa Bukedde

Added 15th August 2016

 Pulezidebti ( mu byeru) ng’aggulawo lufula.

PULEZIDENTI Museveni mulunzi era mu kiseera kino agamba nti alina ennume 400 ze yamaze okufunira akatale mu lufula y’Abamisiri ey’omulembe gye yagguddewo e Luweero. Lufula eno yagguddwaawo ku Lwokuna lwa wiiki ewedde.

Pulezidenti yagambye nti ennume zino bagenda kuziggya ku ffaamu ye, bazitwale bazirunde zisobole okutuuka ku mutindo oguvaamu ennyama etundibwa ebweru w’eggwanga. Lufula eno ey’omulembe eyitibwa “Egypt Uganda Food Security Ltd “ ng’esangibwa ku kyalo Nyimbwa mu Luweero, yeesudde kiromita 30 okuva mu Kampala.

Erimu ebyuma ebiri ku mulembe ebikozesebwa okulongoosa ennyama y’ente nga bitandikira mu kusalako omutwe, okubaagako eddiba n’okusala amagumba mu bwangu. Mulimu ebyuma ebiyonja ennyama n’ebyenda n’ebitundu ebirala mu ngeri ey’omulembe . Oluvannyuma ennyama eno egenda kutundibwa ku katale k’ensi yonna .

Lufula eno egenda kusala ente 400 buli lunaku ng’ennyama etwalibwa bweru w’eggwanga. Pulezidenti Museveni we yasinzidde okukunga abalunzi abalina ennume bazirunde mu ngeri esingayo okuba ennungi basobole okuziguza Abamisiri bafunemu ssente eziwera.

Bannannyini lufula eno baatandiseewo ekifo eky’enjawulo mwe bagenda okutendekera abalunzi ku mutindo gw’obulunzi bw’ente ogw’enjawulo ezituukana n’akatale kano.

Lufula eno yaakugaziyizibwa epakirenga ennyama mu mikebe gattako okulongoosa amaliba gakolebwemu ebintu ebiralaDayirekita w’ekifo kino, Sherif El Kallini yagambye nti bagula ekika ky’ente zonna omuli maleeto n’ez’olulyo lwa wano. “Wabula tusinga kwagala ente eriko ebiwandiiko ebiraga ebyafaayo byayo nga birungi era nga tesukka myaka esatu wabula ng’erina obuzito bwa kkiro 300 n’okusingawo.

Zino zivaamu ennyama egonda eyeetaagibwa ku katale k’ensi yonna . Buli kkiro tugigula wakati wa 3,500 /- ne 4,000/.,” bwe yagambye. Omukugu okuva mu yunivasite e Makerere, Denis Asizua yagambye nti ente erundibwa mu ngeri ey’omulembe nga ya nnyama, omulunzi alina okugirabirira obulungi.

Mmengo erabudde abawandii
sa abantu abali ku Ttaka ly’Obwa
May 05, 2015
Kyewalabye (ku ddyo) ng’ayogerera mu musomo.

Bya Musasi waffe

AKULIRA ekitongole ky’ebyettaka mu bwakabaka ekya Buganda Land Board (BLB):

Kyewalabye Male, alabudde abaami ba Kabaka abagenda okwenyigira mu kuwandiisa ebibanja by’abasenze ku ttaka ly’Obwakabaka beewale obukumpanya n’emivuyo kuba bayinza okusibwa.

Yagambye nti wadde ng’enteekateeka eno egenderedde kuyamba bantu ba Ssaabasajja kufuna biwandiiko ebituufu mu mateeka ku bibajnja byabwe, wandibaawo bannakigwanyizi abayinza okukozesa omukisa guno okwenoonyeza ebyabwe.

Bino Male, eyabadde n’abakozi ba BLB ne katikkiro w’ebyalo bya Kabaka,  Lubega Mutunzi, yabyogedde   mu kuggalawo omusomo ogwetabiddwaamu Abaamagombolola, Abeemiruka n’Abatongole mu ssaza ly’e Kyaggwe ku mbuga ya Ssekiboobo e Mukono ogwategekeddwa okubabangula ku nkola gye bagenda okugoberera nga basomesa n’okuwandiisa abasenze ku ttaka ly’Obwakabaka. Enteekateeka eno yatandika nga May 4, 2015.

Ssekiboobo Benjamin Kigongo yagambye nti ebibanja ebitalambuddwa si bya kuwandiikibwa olw’okwewala enkaayana.

Nb: Ekizibu ky'abaami ba Ssabasajja kyelaga kyoka. Baddidde abobuyinza babiri babateese mu kalo ka Buganda akedda. Ebyawandiikibwa bitugamba ki? Toyinza kuwuliriza bakama bo babiri. Oleka ko omu okumuwulira nowulira omulala. Tugambe ki? Mufumbiro bwemufumbiramu abafumbiro abangi Mmere kiki eyo evayo?

Genda mukalo kafe wano e Buganda. Owe Gombolola atuuka okubuuza ettaka lye kitebe kye werikoma. Bamugamba kimu. LC 1 yaliteekako ba Investor abava e Buyindi. Ate ekubo elyaffe eryedda elyayita wano ku Saza lya Kangawo. Olwo Kangawo abuuza: Bamugamba kimu. Disi yasibawo Sengenge ensonga zino ziri mu National Land Board. Okunsiba Sebo Mwami tekulimu. Tonda bwatakuuma abakuuma bakumira bwerere Jjajja. Kugwa mubunya bwewesimira nga olaba. Kitalo nyo.

Bazudde obulyazama

nyi bwe ttaka lya Buganda  mu ofiisi ze Wakiso:

By Rogers Kibirige

Added 30th September 2016

Ying. Sabiiti (owookubiri ku ddyo) ne babaka banne nga baliko bye babuuza omukozi mu minisitule y’ebyetta e Wakiso (ku ddyo).


EMIVUYO egiri mu ofiisi ya  minisitule y’ebyettaka esangibwa  e Wakiso ku kitebe kya disitulikiti  giwuniikirizza ababaka.

Ng’oggyeeko okuba ng’abakozi  abamu tebasobola kunnyonnyola  ngeri gye bakolamu emirimu,  bangi mu ofiisi zaabwe bawunyamu  mpunye. Batuuka kikeerezi  ate bwe ziwera 6:00 ez’omu  ttuntu ng’abamu bannyuka.

Bakozesa bboggo eri abatuuze  ate abalala empapula zaabwe  teziwera.  Ono ye kacica muyite cculugu  ababaka ba palamenti abaalambudde  ofiisi za minisitule  y’ebyettaka zino ku Lwokusatu  gwe baasanzeeyo.

Ababaka abaakulembeddwa  ssentebe w’akakiiko akalondola  enkola y’emirimu aka (Physical  infrastructure Committee) Ying.  Denis Sabiiti (Rubanda) baategeezezza  nti kyannaku okulaba  ng’abakozi ba Minisitule ab’e  Wakiso babonyabonya abantu ne  babatambuzanga okubakolera  ku nsonga z’ettaka kyokka bwe  bamala ne babamma ebyapa.

Sabiiti yayongeddeko nti baazudde  nti abakozi ba Minisitule  balina obutakkaanya n’abakola  mu ofiisi y’ebyettaka eya disitulikiti  y’e Wakiso ekireetedde entambuza  y’emirimu okuzingama.

Kwe kusaba minisitule  n’abakulembeze ba disitulikiti  okugonjoola ensonga eno mu  bwangu.

Yayongeddeko nti n’abakozi  abasangibwa mu kifo abantu we  batuukira, engeri gye bakwatamu  bakasitoma n’abagenyi eraga nti  si batendeke kimala era beetaaga  okuddamu okubangulwa mu  bwangu.

Yategeezezza nti byonna bye  baasanze e Wakiso, bagenda  kubikolamu lipooti bagitwale mu  palamenti y’eggwanga ekubaganyizibweko  ebirowoozo.

 Baalabudde nti ssinga minisitule  y’ebyettaka tetereeza bizibu biri  Wakiso, eggyibwewo kuba ebeera  tegasa Bannayuganda.

Ye ssentebe  wa disitulikiti  y’e Wakiso,  Matia Lwanga  Bwanika yategeezezza  nti ebbanga lyonna abadde  yeemulugunya ku ngeri abakozi ba  minisitule gye bakolamu emirimu  nga teri avaayo.

Yasabye nti ababaka bye bazudde  bireme kukoma mu lipooti,  wabula abavunaanyizibwa ku mivuyo  egiri mu minisitule ne ofiisi  y’e Wakiso, bakolweko.


Abakozi bano batukiriza mulimu gwa Bible ogwayogerwa ko Jjajja Isa Masiya 10/40 AD. E Buganda nakatono kolina nako kalikujjibwako nekaweebwa alina ekingi enyo.

Buganda Land Board’s Chief Executive Officer Kiwalabye Male

The Buganda Land Board wrote to the Uganda National Roads Authority (Unra) commission of inquiry raising concerns on land compensation.

The board noted that the Kabaka has never been compensated since the inception of Unra and that they demand nearly Shs 10 billion for Unra’s failure to pay the Kabaka. This prompted the commission to ask the Buganda Land Board chief executive officer, David Kyewalabye Male, to re-appear at the inquiry.

The inquiry, chaired by Justice Catherine Bamugemereire, has commissioners Patrick Rusongoza, Abraham Nkata, Ben Okello Luwum and Richard Mongati, with Andrew Kasirye as lead counsel. ZAHRA ABIGABA brings you excerpts from the proceedings:

Kasirye: What is your name?

Kyewalabye: I am David Kyewalabye Male.

Kasirye: How old are you?

Kyewalabye: I am 46 years old.

Kasirye: What do you do for a living?

Kyewalabye: I work as the chief executive officer of the Buganda Land Board.

Kasirye: When did you join the Buganda Land Board?

Kyewalabye: Since February 2007.

Kasirye: What is the Buganda Land Board?

Kyewalabye: The Buganda Land Board is a company mandated with the management of all the land vested in his royal highness the Kabaka of Buganda. This mandate includes the collection of all rental and related income accruing from the use of the Kabaka’s land, including compensation by the state and related organs or bodies.

Kasirye: What are the complaints you are bringing on behalf of the Kabaka and the Buganda Land Board against the Uganda National Roads Authority?

Kyewalabye: Our complaint as the Buganda Land Board on behalf of the Kabaka is with regard to the failure and the refusal by Unra to provide the Kabaka with compensation for the use and acquisition of large tracts of land in spite of various demands and reminders to pay. My lord, what puzzles us is that leasehold tenants and bibanja tenants continue to be compensated while the Kabaka is completely ignored.

Kasirye: Do you know the roads /areas affected and Unra never compensated?

Kyewalabye: The areas include Kibuye-Entebbe phase 2 which was completed in 1998 but up-to-date we have not seen any attempts at payment for Kibuye-Zzana (a 5km stretch), Kampala Northern bypass, Masanafu-Bukalagi-Namungona-Kasubi; all these have not been compensated yet works are going on. Then we have got the Entebbe expressway, which also includes the Munyonyo spur, Kigo, Lunya, Buggu-Kibiri-Kirindi and Mutungo, Mpigi-Maddu, Sembabule road, Lukalu B, Kiriti Sabwe hill, Kabasanda, Mirembe and Ngomanene villages. Mukono-Kyetume [the famous Katosi road], Kisoga-Nyenga road and the affected areas include Kiyola, Katosi central and Kiwologoma villages.

Kasirye: Are there any other complaints you have to table before the commission?

Kyewalabye: Yes, my lord. There are titles given to third parties on the Kabaka’s land without going through the normal process and the areas affected are Munyonyo block 255 and plot 98. The Uganda land commission issued these titles [but] they were fraudulently acquired.

Kasirye: What does that particular road have to do with Unra?

Kyewalabye: The claimants at Munyonyo road have already contacted Unra with their fake titles and compensation is done. Again, the same block 93 where the Catholic shrine is, Mr Obey got the titles on the same piece of land and claims have been passed on to Unra and Unra seems to have recognised it and we are asking for the titles to be recalled and cancelled.

We, therefore, request the commission to go on with the investigations and verify all titles issued on this land before any payments are being made. Otherwise, we will suffer irrecoverable damages if these dubious payments are made at our own expense. And our humble prayer to the commission is that, ‘make all necessary recommendations to enable the payments of all dues that are by law ours.’

Kasirye: Is there any other thing you would like to add?

Kyewalabye: The issue with Kampala northern bypass, Unra took titles and has not returned them. Unfortunately, the Kabaka’s land titles comprise huge chunks of land, like 300-600 acres of land. Unra takes land titles and takes ages without returning them and this affects other tenants on the Kabaka’s land.

Kasirye: Do you know how much Unra is supposed to pay Buganda Land Board?

Kyewalabye: Yes, my lord. It is close to Shs 10 billion.

Kasirye: And do you know the acreage of land to be compensated?

Kyewalabye: Yes, my lord. It is close to 70 acres of land. And if Unra fails to pay the Buganda Land Board in the given time we have given them, then the matter will be taken to court.

Mongati: Mr Kyewalabye, I just want clarification. The normal procedure is that when they are paying kibanja owners, the mailo owner or superior owner must approve. Has this been done?

Kyewalabye: In some cases, my lord, but not all.

Mongati: So, are you saying that bibanja owners have been paid sometimes without the consent of the owner?

Kyewalabye: Yes, my lord.

Mongati: Do you know these cases?

Kyewalabye: Yes, my lord. We have evidence, for instance on the Mpigi-Maddu road, but I think they are quite a number of them.

Nkata: Is the Kabaka’s land, wherever it is available, well demarcated? Are there maps and plans one can see?

Kyewalabye: Yes, my lord. We have titles and in some areas the boundaries have been opened, but various consultants have been involved in these processes. They know how best you can arrive at this.

Nkata: For the interest of the general public, do people know where the Kabaka’s land starts and stops, especially in the central region?

Kyewalabye: Yes, my lord, they do.

Nkata: Soon Salama road is going to be worked on and I am aware that there are multiple land tenures on that road and the issue that has always been contagious is people claiming that they are on Kabaka’s land. Then there are also princesses and royals on that land that claim that it is their land and also landowners. Has this matter been clarified because, as the Munyonyo road will be worked on, this matter is likely to delay the public good because of that unclear demarcation of land? Can you assure the public that this matter has been sorted?

Kyewalabye: Thank you, my lord. As you are aware, the Kabaka is a land title holder, not kibanjas holder; so, once it is titled land, it is very clear with demarcations and we work with land surveyors. And even the various royals who hold land, they are also indicated on the titles and the 1993 Act that invested the land to Kabaka indicates the royals; either it’s the Namasole, Katikkiro, Omulamuzi. But once we have the titles, that is no problem.

We have always requested Unra to work with Buganda Land Board when it comes to Kabaka’s land. The Kabaka is a very big landlord, not somebody who just holds two or three acres of land. We are very committed to this because we are interested parties to the development of this country and, in any case, when these roads are done, the Kabaka benefits more because it uplifts the value of the land.

Bamugemereire: Thank you very much and we appreciate that you have found the commission useful in assisting you to investigate this matter further. We will do our best and I hope that you find the answers.

Company eno ekunganya rent okuva mu bagagga be ttaka mu kibuga Kampala elabika esasula URA omusolo munene ddala okukulakulanya ensi ya Uganda. Naye no enfuna ya sente ebiro bino siyamulembe nakamu kubapangisa b'ettaka. Ggwe ate oba ne company ya UNRA company ngagga nyo.


Kattikiro wa Buganda akyaye okwanirizibwa nga Kabaka wa Buganda---Owebweru?
On January 28, 2015, in a move that may surprise both his admirers and detractors, the Katikkiro of Buganda Charles Peter Mayiga announced that Buganda chiefs and other hosts must stop welcoming him to their areas in a manner which should be reserved for the Kabaka. The televised announcement came after more than a year of complaints by Baganda of different walks of life that the Katikkiro was trying to replace centuries-old Baganda cultural institutions and traditions by expanding his powers and responsibilities beyond what the Baganda constitution (Ennono) allows.

Addressing Ssaza (county) and Ggombolola (sub-county) chiefs, at Bulange Mengo, the Katikkiro told them that going forward, they must stop welcoming him in a style that befits the Kabaka. People must stop erecting archways (ebiyitirirwa) for him, prostrating before him and doing other things that should be reserved for welcoming the Kabaka. Speaking in Luganda, Mayiga said, “In the past I have been to many events where I am inappropriately welcomed, although I cannot blame you because of the high excitement you may have. However, you must reserve those types of welcomes for the Kabaka.”

Since he got his job, Mayiga has endured frequent criticism from members of the Buganda royal clan (Abalangira), Baganda youth organizations (Nkoba za Mbogo, BANGAWA and Ffe Buganda Nze Buganda), Baganda groups in Diaspora and many ordinary Baganda who accused him of, among other things, attempting to destroy Buganda’s cultural foundation. The fact that Katikkiro Mayiga has been a key player in several widely unpopular Buganda deals with President Museveni (Regional Tier and MOU) and, recently, the Aga Khan plan to commercialize the Kabaka’s Palace, has widened the divide between the Katikkiro and traditional Baganda of all shades.

One of the most visible and contraversial practices by Katikkiro Mayiga is his use of a large motorcade, with a heavy detail of AK-47 totting Uganda Special Forces soldiers which project military power on his tours around Buganda. And the fact that the tour organizers often erect archways (ebiyitirirwa) and hire boda-bodas (motorcycle taxis) to enhance crowds and excitement.  Many traditional Baganda allege that this is clear evidence that Mr. Mayiga is trying to overshadow the Kabaka and isolate him from his people. Mr. Mayiga’s announcement on Wednesday seems to have been directed at addressing this issue.

Notably, one group of people that has consistently stood behind Mr. Mayiga and his programs are certain Kampala traders, money lenders, sports betting operators and local real-estate investors. And for the most part, Mr. Mayiga’s wealthy supporters have helped him raise billions of shillings under his Ettofaali campaign. Even most of his detractors privately admit that Mayiga has done an impressive job in inspiring Baganda to wake up and believe that they do not want to be victims forever. Lately, however, there are signs that both Baganda and other Ugandans are starting to develop Ettofaali fatigue and the awakened Baganda seem to be expecting Katikkiro Mayiga to start delivering from the billions of Shillings that he has collected.

The audio recording below is one example of the many speeches that have been made in protest of  Mr. Mayiga’s policies. Ow’ek. Ssewava Sserubiri, former minister in Buganda Government, made that speech in mid-2014, at a party organized by Nkoba za Mbogo student’s organization.

Audio Player













Esimbye amasanga, Nakate ajja.




Kyuuma kye basiba mu Mbwa.








Goba Omukazi oleete Embwa.

Arch-Bishop we York, Ebulaya akakasi

zza nti Ssekaba

ka Daniel Mwanga II Basammu


Butagali, talagira nga kutta kwa Bishop Hanning

ton omwaka 1888:


Archbishop of York commissions Hannington sanctuary in Busia, Uganda.

L-R: Tororo Catholic Diocese Bishop Emmanuel Obbo, Bukedi Diocese Bishop Simon Bogere Egesa, Archbishop of York John Sentamu, chairperson of the Uganda Judicial Commission Justice James Ogoola and former Bishop of Bukedi Diocese Nikodemus Okille pose in front of a tree in Budimo village, Busia District, where the remains of the bishop were kept for four days during 1888.


By Henry Lubega

Posted  Friday, February 20  2015

Traditional, religious and political leaders in Uganda, Kenya and York in Britain have paid homage to the late Bishop of the Equatorial Africa James Hannington at the Hannington Shrine in Budimo village, Busia District.

Religious leaders led by Archbishop of York John Sentamu, Bishop of Bukedi Diocese Simon Bogere Egesa and Bishop of the Catholic Archdiocese of Tororo Emmanuel Obbo among others, attended the function on Wednesday.

For the first time in more than a century, the great grandsons of the chiefs of the two kingdoms where Bishop Hannington was loved and where he was killed, met.

Chief Luba Munulo Juma, the great grandson of chief Luba in whose dominion (Busoga) and on whose orders Hannington was killed, met with chief Peter Mumia II, the great grandson to Paramount chief of the Wanga Kingdom Nabongo Mumia, who had given Hannington porters and guides to Kabaka Mwanga’s palace.

The paramount chief later allowed Bishop Hannington’s remains to be buried in his territory at the cost of his people.

During his visit to the shrine, Archbishop Sentamu commissioned the construction of the administration block of Bishop of York Bible College, Canterbury Square, Hannington Tabernacle Chapel and the York Gardens in Budimo.

Sentamu’s visit was crowned by the ecumenical service conducted by bishops Bogere Egesa and Obbo.

The head of the organising committee, Justice James Ogoola, said Archbishop Sentamu’s visit was not only a religious symbol, but a reconciliation ceremony between the people of Luba in Uganda and their counterparts from Mumias in western Kenya.

“I wanted to reconcile the descendants of the two dramatists in Hannington’s last days. One gave him escorts and guides, the other killed him. The two families met for the first time and I made sure I gave each of them a Lusamia Bible and asked them to shake hands as a sign of reconciliation,” Justice Ogoola, also the chairperson of the Uganda Judicial Commission, said.

The place was first dedicated by then Archbishop of Canterbury George Carey in 1998, as a Hannington shrine.

Chief Luba Munulo Juma in his remarks said: “I don’t feel guilty for what my great grandfather did, the bishop died because of his stubbornness before the cultural leader.”

Chief Peter Mumia II said Bishop Hannington was a Christian not an explorer, killed by those who did not understand him.

More developments

According to Justice Ogoola, plans are also underway to make the shrine a national pilgrimage for Christians to remember Bishop Hannington for his sacrifice for the new Christian faith that had just arrived in the middle of the continent of Africa during 1888.


Nantaba wants elderly scheme probed

Outgoing Lands state minister Ida Nantaba (in gomesi) celebrates with the newly elected Kayunga speaker Saleh Balinsoni (2nd left) during the swearing in of district leaders for the Republican government of Uganda May 2016.


By Fred Muzaale

Posted  Monday, May 30   2016

Kayunga. Outgoing Lands state minister Ida Nantaba has asked the Inspector General of Government to investigate how the outgoing Kayunga District leadership selected beneficiaries of the Senior Citizens Grant given to elderly persons.

Ms Nantaba, who is also the district Woman MP, claims the 100 elderly persons per sub-county in the district were selected based on sectarian and political grounds.

“It hurts me as a leader to find that more than 900 beneficiaries of the senior citizens’ grant in this district all come from the same area and are from almost one tribe. I ask the IGG to take interest in this matter and probe how these beneficiaries were selected,” Ms Nantaba said on Tuesday.

Take oath

This was during the swearing-in of the district LC5 chairperson, Mr Tom Sserwanga, and his councillors at Ntenjeru District headquarters.

The grant, one of the core components of the Social Assistance Grant for Empowerment, started in 2010 with financing by government and development partners.

Kayunga is among the districts where the programme will be rolled out during this financial year.

However, the Elderly and Disabled Affairs State minister, Mr Sulaiman Madada, dismissed the claims by Ms Nantaba, saying beneficiaries had been selected on merit.

The former district LC5 chairman, Mr Steven Dagada said: “The selection of beneficiaries was based on age, but also on who is in more need for assistance.”



Omusolo ku ttaka lye Buganda ne bizimbe gwakwo-ngera ku nnyingiza ya Central Gavume
Feb 17, 2015
BAMMEMBA ku lukiiko olufuzi olw’ekitongole ky’emisolo mu ggwnga (URA) bwe baabadde basisinkanye akakiiko ka palamenti akavunaanyizi
bwa ku byenfuna wabaddewo okugamba nti omusolo ddala mutono oguva mu byobulimu bw’ogeraagera
nya n’ensimbi eziva mu makubo amalala agayingiza ensimbi mu ggwanika ly’eggwanga.

Nzikiriza nti ensimbi entono eziyingira mu ggwanga zisobola okwongerwako singa tugaziya amakubo agayingiza. Nategeezezza olukiiko nti Uganda yeesinga okuyingiza ensimbi entono bw’ogigeraageranya n’amawanga amalala agali mu mukago gwa East Africa.

Singa ekirowoozo kyange kibeera kiguliddwa kisoboka gavumenti n’erifuula etteeka ne liyambako okugaziya amakubo mwe bayingiriza ensimbi mu ggwanika ly’eggwanga. Kyokka kino nsaba kimanyibwe nti kirowoozo kyange ng’omuntu, sinnaba kukyanjula eri gavumenti wadde minisitule y’ebyenfuna n’okuteekeratee

kera eggwanga.

Oluvannyuma lw’abantu ab’enjawulo okuwa endowooza zabwe ku nsonga eno ndowoozezza nti kyetaagisa okwongera okutangaaza ensonga eno ey’okuggya omusolo ku ttaka libeere nga waliwo emirimu egikolerwako oba nedda.

Ekiseera ekiyise Uganda eyongedde ku sente zeeyingiza nga tetunuulidde bagabi ba buyambi waakiri ebitundu 7 ku 100 buli mwaka gwa byansimbi  kyokka ekizibu kikyali nti emikisa egiriwo tegikozeseddwa kugafuula makubo agavaamu omusolo okwongera ku nnyigiza y’eggwanga.

Ekiseera kino sente eziva mu musolo ng’ozigeraagera

nyizza n’ennyingiza y’eggwanga yonna zeeyongedde nga kati ziri ebitundu 11.7 ku 100 mu mwaka gw’ebyensimbi 2013/2014 era sente zino ziri wansi bw’ogeraageranya n’amawanga agatwetoolodde wamu ne ku mutendera gw’ensi yonna.

Enkyukakyuka mu nnyingiza ebaddewo okuva mu mwaka gwa 2000/01 eraga nti ennyingiza y’eggwanga ekyali wansi bw’ogeraageranya n’omutindo gw’ensi yonna. Uganda eteekwa okwongeramu amaanyi ku musolo gw’esolooza munda mu ggwanga okugatta empungu eriwo wakati waayo n’amawanga amalala mu byensimbi bwetubeera nga tuli baakugenda mu masso nga tuvuganya.

Etundutundu lya 27.21 ku 100, ku byenfuna bya Uganda liva mu byabulimi ebikolerwa ku ttaka kyokka ekkowe lino livaamu omusolo mutono nnyo era wano wensinziira okuwa ekiteeso nti eggwanga liteekewo enkola ennambulukufu esobola okuteekawo omusolo omulambulukufu okuggya sente mu by’obulimi n’okussaawo omusolo ku ttaka.

Amakowe amalala agasaana okutunuulira mu mbeera eno kuliko: eby’okuzimba, ebyenjigiriza n’obusuubuzi bw’ettaka  kubanga ennyingiza yabyo eri wagguluko.

Enkola eriwo ewa amakubo gavumenti geetaddewo okuggya omusolo ku kkampuni ezisuubula ettaka n’amasomero g’obwannannyini era wano wensinziira okukidding’ana nti mu nkola yeemu n’ebyobulimi bitunuulirwe. Okulemwa okuggya omusolo ku nnyingiza mu byobulimi kiraga nti wakyaliwo obuzibu mu mitendera gy’okunoonya omusolo ekivaako okuyingiza sente entono mu ggwanga.

 Amawanga nga Denmark, Estonia, Chile ne South Africa zitumbudde nnyo omusolo ku byobulimi ne kiyambako okuyingiza sente mu gavumenti zabwe. Endowooza yange ng’omutuuze, nkiraba ng’okuggya omusolo ku ttaka kisobola okwongera enkulaakulana kubanga kijja kuwaliriza bannannyini ttaka okulikulaakulanya baleme kuliragajjalira.

Ndowooza nti kino ekirowooza gavumenti esobola okukigula n’ekiteekako amateeka agakifuga okusobola okwongera ku makubo mw’eggya omusolo. Amawanga mangi gavudde ku kusolooza obusuulu ne bateekawo emiwendo emirambulukufu ku musolo gwe baggya ku ttaka. Endowooza eno esobola okwongerwako n’ekulaakulanyizi

bwa gye bujja.

Biwandiikiddwa Gerald Ssendaula sentebe ku lukiiko olufuzi olwa Uganda Revenue Authority.

The government of Uganda has been found guilty of putting a 2009  curfew on the King of the State of Buganda. The case has taken the Ugandan Courts six years to come to an agreed judicial Judgement. 

President Yoweri Museveni (L) shaking hands with Buganda king Ronald Mwenda Mutebi at some function.

File photo

By Juliet Kigongo

Posted  Saturday, December 19  2015


The Constitutional Court has ruled that police was wrong to prevent the Kabaka of Buganda from visiting his subjects in Kayunga district on September 12, 2009.

In a majority ruling of three to two, Justices Remmy Kasule, Egonda–Ntende and Rubby Opio Aweri concurred with the four petitioners, all Buganda kingdom subjects, that it is everyone’s right to move freely, reside or settle in any part of the country. The judges concluded that the Kabaka was exercising his constitutional right of free movement.

“The role of the Uganda Police was to regulate and put in place security measures to ensure that both Baganda and the Banyala who had threatened to demonstrate over the said visit are safe,” the judges noted.

The judges ordered government to pay costs of the case to the petitioners. There is no compesation whatsover for those who lost their lives and property. Mr Edward Lugonvu, Dr Adam Kimala, Mr Charles Ssenkungu and Ms Saida Najjuka. However, two of the judges - Eldard Mwangusya and Prof Lillian Tibatemwa, dissented and agreed with the government that blocking the Kabaka’s visit was to ensure peace because there was imminent chaos.




The global “African wildlife trade hotspots” continue to include all of China’s international borders and South Asian. With Indonesia, New Guinea and the Solomon Islands. There is trade on the Eastern borders of the European Union. Then, there is also trade in Mexico and the Caribbean Islands:


Exhibit. Police and Uganda Wildlife Authority

Exhibit. Police and Uganda Wildlife Authority staff display some of the impounded ivory from West Africans in Kampala last year. FILE PHOTO  

By Franklin Draku

Illegal global wildlife trade continues to threaten the existence of the endangered species, more particularly as demand for wildlife products increases.
A recent report by the Uganda’s Financial Intelligence Authority (FIA) said the country loses about Shs2b annually in wildlife offences ranging from commercial poaching to hunting for daily subsistence.
The report said Uganda serves mainly as a transit route for wildlife trafficking, especially ivory. Over the years, authorities in Uganda have continued to arrest wildlife traffickers at the entry and exit points both at the border posts and the country’s only international airport, Entebbe.
In 2015, court records in the country showed that most of the culprits involved in ivory smuggling were Asians of Chinese origin and other eastern countries, whose penchant for ivory and other wildlife tokens has continued to drive the crime.
While poachers and those with small quantities of wildlife species are often arrested, the real beneficiaries, often playing at the background, are never apprehended and continue to pump in hundreds of millions of dollars into the illicit trade.
The FIA report said many central African countries have unregulated domestic ivory markets, including the DR Congo, Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic (CAR), Chad, and Cameroon. Ivory bought at these markets may be trafficked through road and air links to Uganda and onward from there for processing and export.
In neighbouring Tanzania, the situation is not any different. In 2014, visiting Chinese government officials to Tanzania were accused of smuggling ivory and other wildlife species in their diplomatic planes, a claim the Chinese government denied.
A year later, a Chinese woman, nicknamed Queen of Ivory, was arrested in Tanzania, further lending credence to the involvement of Asian nationals on the trade. Yang Feng Glan, 66, was reportedly arrested with ivory worth $2.5m.
The civil wars in the DR Congo, CAR and Chad have also had adverse effects on the wildlife. Uganda’s notorious warlord, Joseph Kony, who reportedly operates in DR Congo and CAR, is said to be engaging in illegal trade in ivory for buying arms and ammunitions, killing hundreds of elephants in the process. The same happens to other warring factions operating in these countries.
According to the World Wildlife Fund (WWF), the world is dealing with an unprecedented spike in illegal wildlife trade, threatening to overturn decades of conservation gains.
According to WWF, in 2011, ivory estimated to weigh more than 23 metric tonnes, a figure that represents 2,500 elephants, was seized in the 13 largest seizures of illegal ivory. Since that seizure, big consignments have continued to be seized globally, with most of it coming from Africa.
The organised crime groups behind wildlife crime target high-value animal and plant specimens, and operate through complex global criminal networks. Driven by profit, the activities of these groups can have devastating economic, social and environmental impacts.
Ben Janse van Rensburg, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) secretariat chief of enforcement support, said: “No one country, region or agency can tackle illegal wildlife trade alone. Collective action across source, transit and destination states is essential. On behalf of all ICCWC partner agencies, I commend the excellent work done in member countries.”
Some of the global “wildlife trade hotspots” include China’s international borders, trade hubs in East/Southern Africa and Southeast Asia, the eastern borders of the European Union, some markets in Mexico, parts of the Caribbean, Indonesia and New Guinea, and the Solomon Islands.
The illegal trade is not only limited to ivory. Tigers in Asia, leopards, pangolins and other species have all suffered the wrath of poachers and wildlife traffickers.
The WWF says wildlife crime is a big business, run by dangerous international networks. By its very nature, it is almost impossible to obtain reliable figures for the value of illegal wildlife trade. Experts at TRAFFIC, the wildlife trade monitoring network<>, estimate that it runs into hundreds of millions of dollars.
An estimate by nature communications, an international organisation, puts the cost of tourism losses as a result of poaching of elephants alone in Africa at about $250m. The figures could be higher if other species are included.
International pronouncements by China and other global power houses has done little to stop the illegal trade in wildlife products. While at government levels the trade may have stopped, but the reluctance by the same governments to prosecute their citizens and stop the trade continue to inflict heavy terror on the wildlife.

International law enforcers strike criminal racket
Baffled by this large scale illegal trade, global enforcement agencies in May launched an international operation against the illegal trade in wild animals and plants, including timber, seizing hundreds of species worldwide, as well as arresting many suspects.
Code-named “Thunderstorm” and targeting criminal networks behind global wildlife crime, the operation involved police, customs, border, wildlife, forestry and environment agencies from 92 countries and resulted in millions of dollars-worth of seizures.
According to CITES, the month-long operation, that started on May 1 to May 31, led to1,974 seizures, with 1,400 identification of suspects, triggering global arrests and investigations.
According to INTERPOL, 43 tonnes of wild meat, 1.3 tonnes of raw and processed elephant ivory, 27,000 reptiles, almost 4,000 birds, several tonnes of wood and timber, were seized.
Also 48 live primates, four big cats (tiger, lion, leopard and jaguar), the carcasses of seven bears, including two polar bears, were confiscated.
The operation saw eight tonnes of pangolin scales seized worldwide, including almost four tonnes by Vietnamese maritime authorities on board a ship arriving from the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
The CITES says two flight attendants were arrested in Los Angeles attempting to smuggle live spotted turtles to Asia in their personal baggage. Both suspects have been charged with smuggling CITES-protected species and a transnational investigation has been opened between the countries concerned.
A man was also arrested in Israel and awaits deportation to Thailand after his hunting photograph on social media led to the seizure of multiple wildlife items at his home, including fox, jackal and mongoose bodies. Follow-up inquiries have revealed that the suspect was also engaged in people smuggling and illegal employment.
Canadian authorities intercepted a container holding 18 tonnes of eel meat arriving from Asia. Thought to be poached from Europe originally, the juvenile glass eels had been reared in Asia before being dispatched to North American markets for consumption.

An integrated global response
The second in a global ‘Thunder’ series initiated by the INTERPOL Wildlife Crime Working Group, Operation Thunderstorm was coordinated by INTERPOL and the World Customs Organisation (WCO), in conjunction with the International Consortium on Combating Wildlife Crime (ICCWC), which includes the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Secretariat, UNODC and the World Bank.
“Operation Thunderstorm has seen significant seizures at global level, showing how coordinated global operations can maximize impact,” said INTERPOL Secretary General Jürgen Stock.
Senior officer Grant Miller of the UK Border Force and head of the UK national CITES enforcement team, said: “Through Operation Thunderstorm, criminals have seen the products they need to ply their trade seized and their illegal profits targeted. Organised crime groups engaging in wildlife crime will feel the impact of this operation for a long time.”
“By revealing how wildlife trafficking groups use the same routes as criminals involved in other crime areas – often hand in hand with tax evasion, corruption, money laundering and violent crime – Operation Thunderstorm sends a clear message to wildlife criminals that the world’s law enforcement community is homing in on them,” added the Secretary General.
An intelligence-driven operation
An investigative crime intelligence was gathered ahead of the operation to help target specific hotspots for action, including land and airport border points and wildlife parks.
Cars, trucks, boats and cargo transporters suspected of moving illicit products were also targeted with searches carried out by officers, often with specialist sniffer dogs and x-ray scanners.
“By leveraging the global network of worldwide environmental law enforcement experts and customs community’s commitment to protecting wildlife, World Customs Organisation and its partners have clearly illustrated the power and effectiveness of international cooperation in keeping our natural heritage safe,” said WCO Secretary General Kunio Mikuriya.
“Operation Thunderstorm clearly demonstrates that by pooling our transnational law enforcement collaboration in the field, WCO and INTERPOL firmly contribute to making sure that borders everywhere divide criminals but connect customs and law enforcement as a whole to make the world a safer place,” added Dr Mikuriya.






In East Africa, for Uganda and Tanzania, Animals and plants are at risk from oil mining and human hunting especially around the famous Albertine Rift valley:

The road connecting Hoima town to the proposed

The road connecting Hoima town to the proposed Kaiso Tonya refinery in Uganda. Mining of oil, natural gas and other minerals is emerging as a new threat to the region’s biodiversity. PHOTO | MORGAN MBABAZI | NATION 


The Albertine Rift, which covers the northern end of Lake Albert to the southern tip of Lake Tanganyika — traversing five countries — is losing its rich biodiversity as demand for agricultural land continues to reduce habitats of various species.

Scientists say the demand for land to grow food is reducing habitats in western Uganda, eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda, Burundi and western Tanzania.

Further, mining of oil, natural gas and other minerals is emerging as a new threat to the region’s biodiversity, with exploration concessions in all the five countries, some of which lie inside existing protected areas like national parks.

The Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) has flagged the logging for timber and charcoal, fragmentation that creates small islands of forests, invasive plant species and diseases affecting primates and eventual transmission to domestic livestock.

“The changes in climate will significantly impact the distribution and abundance of species, depending on their traits and vulnerability to climate change,” said Andy Plumptre a scientist at the WCS.

The Albertine Rift is home to mountain and Grauer’s gorillas, golden monkeys, chimpanzees, elephants, 162 vertebrate and 350 plant species unique to the region.


Realistic threat

Forests in the Albertine Rift region are under pressure due to high population growth as some areas carry over 1,000 people per square kilometre, making loss of habitat a realistic threat for most of the species.

Sam Ayebare, a WCS Uganda conservationist, said that expansion of agricultural areas up the slopes of the rugged Albertine Rift region will cause a 75 per cent reduction in suitable habitat for the native animal and plant species.

“We predict that by the end of this century, endemic species will further decline in response to climate change as many of these species will need to move to higher elevations as the climate warms,” he said.

The 313,000 km2 region contains more than 50 per cent of Africa’s bird species and 40 per cent of the continent’s mammals. It is also home to about 20 per of Africa’s plants and amphibians.

Further, the Albertine Rift region contains 14 per cent of the continent’s reptiles and 16 per cent of its butterflies. At least 11 per cent of the fish diversity is found in Lake Tanganyika with 89 per cent of species endemic to the water mass.

The WCS is working with conservation authorities — Uganda Wildlife Authority, National Forest Authority of Uganda, Rwanda Development Board, Tanzania National Parks, DRC’s Institut Congolais pour la Conservation de la Nature and Burundi’s Institut National pour l’Environnement et Conservation de la Nature, to combat the threats.

The five key threats are bush meat hunting, impact of diseases on wildlife, conversion of the natural habitat to agriculture, degradation of habitats through human activities, and incompatible fishing methods.






Ensi ya Queen bweyegomba ebisolo ewaffe ebitwaala e Bungereza mu kifo ekiyitibwa Zoo:

1st March, 2017

Enfudu nga erya omudo mubusibe bwa zoo

A British zoo is facing closure and its owner prosecution after nearly 500 of its animals died of poor nutrition, cramped conditions and hypothermia over four years, it emerged Wednesday.

A damning report into the South Lakes Safari Zoo in Cumbria, northwest England, found that 486 animals had died in the past four years, putting most of the blame on its owner David Gill.

The zoo had over 1,600 animals in 2016.

Describing the conditions as "appalling", inspectors reported finding poor levels of veterinary care, cleanliness and pest control, as well as inadequate food.

"The conditions that these animals are being held in, is quite frankly appalling, and has led directly to the death of a number of them," they wrote in the report.

They recommended Gill be prosecuted under the Animal Welfare Act.

In 2016, 123 animals died including a West African giraffe which was euthanised a day after collapsing.

Post-mortem images raised concerns over nutrition.

A red kangaroo also died following a head trauma and six lion cubs were euthanised because the facility was not big enough to house them.

The report notes they were "healthy cubs and nothing wrong with them".

An African spurred tortoise was electrocuted on an electric fence, while a leopard tortoise died from cold.

- 'This zoo has failed' -

Keepers told the inspecting team they had been informed to dispose of the animals' bodies and not tell anyone about them.

Inspectors also flagged the owner's poor duty-of-care towards its staff.

It was fined £255,000 ($316,000, 299,500 euros) last June for health and safety reasons following the 2013 death of one of its zookeepers, Sarah McClay.

She was mauled by a Sumatran tiger.

Gill is currently applying for a fresh licence for the zoo after the local council, Barrow and Furness, rejected his application for an extension of his previous licence back in July 2016.

Applying for a new licence allows the zoo to remain open until the application is processed.

Inspectors are recommending the council reject his application and close the zoo stating that the standards maintained by Gill "fall far below the standards required in a modern zoo".

The animal welfare charity Captive Animals' Protection Society applauded the recommendation.

"We feel that the many instances of suffering and unnecessary deaths of animals go to show that this zoo has failed and will continue to fail the animals in their care," it said in a statement.